Decoupling of operating system and software: How many times have you railed against a Windows crash after installing software? This is due to the fact that Windows mixes operating systems and software (registry, DLL, EXE …). This makes Windows more fragile. Installing a simple program can make Windows (or other programs) unstable or unusable. Microsoft is trying to fix with warts (system restore), but that is not enough. Under Linux, the system and the programs are in well-separated environments. It is rarer that installing or uninstalling software crashes the system. And in case of problems, it is generally easier to go back (back to the previous version of the software). A negative point for Linux: software supplied in source form (.tar.gz) is more difficult to install (we don’t always know what they are doing). But the majority of software is fortunately available in clean packaged form (.rpm, .deb …).
A negative point for Windows: the registry contains the configuration of the operating system and all software. If it is damaged, the whole system is good to put in the trash. On the contrary in Linux, the configuration of each software is saved in separate files. You do not risk losing the configuration of your entire system and all your software because a single registry file is corrupted.
Security system :
It is recognized that Linux is generally safer than Windows. This comes from the way security is handled internally in Linux (for example, it’s easy to deny a user access to the CD-ROM drive or the internet.)
Windows being intended for the general public, by default it is configured in a less strict way. This makes life easier for the novice user, but it also makes life easier for hackers and viruses. But don’t forget that a misconfigured Linux is no safer than a badly configured Windows!
Like Windows, we regularly discover security vulnerabilities in Linux. However, they are generally not of the magnitude of those of Windows (RPC flaw (Blaster virus), NetBIOS flaw (access to shares even without the password), ActiveX flaws, Internet Explorer, Outlook Express …). Microsoft sometimes takes several months to correct certain flaws. In the open source world (Linux and opensource software), flaws are corrected much faster (usually within 24 hours).
Viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware :
Security management and the default configuration of Linux being different from Windows, this makes it less susceptible to viruses and other dirt. There are around twenty viruses on Linux, compared to the more than 60,000 viruses existing on Windows. In addition, the wide variety of Linux distributions makes the work of viruses more complicated.
However, windows 12 lite release date soon available, it improves slowly since the service pack of Windows 10 whose default setting makes the machine (in principle) safer. But it is still absolutely necessary to install antivirus, firewall and Trojan horse detector.
However, if Linux becomes more popular, it will become a more attractive target and we will inevitably expect the appearance of a greater number of Linux-specific viruses. But by its structure, it will be easier to protect a Linux machine.
Privacy system :
Windows and Windows software are infested with spyware. For example, Microsoft Money 2005 sends Microsoft your bank account numbers, the list of transactions (amounts, beneficiaries), budget caps, etc. This kind of filth hardly ever happens in Linux, for the simple reason that the source code of all programs is available, in plain sight (this is the very definition of open source : open source ). You can’t hide a spy there without seeing it. Under Linux you also have better control over the programs that are launched. You could say that globally protecting your privacy is easier on Linux.
There, they are almost equal: Microsoft has Windows Update (very simple and very practical), and many distributions also have automatic update systems (apt-get, rpmi …). The advantage of most distributions (like Debian or Fedora ) is that they can also update all of your software . There is no equivalent under Windows.
There are many more people who work under Windows than under Linux. Windows users will find it difficult to upgrade to Linux. You have to change your habits and it’s not easy. You may also sometimes have to deal with the misunderstanding or hostility of Windows users. And this is true the other way around! There are real Linux fundamentalists. Be open-minded, and avoid bigotry or fundamentalism when it comes to operating systems. Make the most of both worlds. And don’t stay on a bad impression. We sometimes hear some defenders of Windows say that Windows is necessarily better, the proof: everyone uses it. Bad argument: according to their criteria, Star Academy would be the best music in the world since it is the one that sells best?